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C and C++ course

Course Description: C and C++ Programming

Course Overview:

The C and C++ programming course is designed to provide a comprehensive introduction to programming using the C and C++ languages. The course is suitable for beginners who have little or no prior programming experience and also for individuals who have experience with other programming languages and wish to learn C and C++.

Course Objectives:

Understand the fundamentals of programming and problem-solving techniques.

Gain proficiency in the C and C++ programming languages.

Learn how to design, implement, and test programs using C and C++.

Acquire knowledge of essential programming concepts such as variables, data types, control structures, functions, arrays, pointers, and file handling.

Develop the ability to write efficient and effective code.

Understand object-oriented programming (OOP) principles and apply them in C++.

Learn how to use libraries and frameworks to enhance C and C++ programming capabilities.

Gain practical experience through hands-on coding exercises and projects.

Course Outline:

Module 1: Introduction to Programming Concepts

Basics of programming

Algorithms and flowcharts

Variables and data types

Input and output operations

Module 2: Control Structures and Functions

Decision-making structures (if-else, switch)

Looping structures (for, while, do-while)

Functions and parameter passing

Module 3: Arrays and Pointers

Array declaration and initialization

Multidimensional arrays

Pointers and pointer arithmetic

Dynamic memory allocation

Module 4: File Handling

Introduction to file handling

Reading from and writing to files

Sequential and random file access

Module 5: Introduction to C++

Features and advantages of C++

Object-oriented programming (OOP) concepts

Classes, objects, and constructors

Encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism

Module 6: Advanced C++ Concepts

Templates and generic programming

Exception handling

Standard Template Library (STL)

Module 7: Building Applications

Integration with libraries and frameworks

Building graphical user interfaces (GUI) with C++ (e.g., using Qt)

Module 8: Project Work

Implementation of a larger-scale project using C and C++

Course Delivery:

The course will be delivered through a combination of lectures, hands-on coding exercises, and projects. Students will have access to learning resources, including lecture notes, coding examples, and reference materials. Additionally, there will be opportunities for interaction and collaboration with the instructor and fellow students through online discussion forums or live sessions.


There are no specific prerequisites for this course. However, familiarity with basic computer usage and logical thinking will be beneficial.

By the end of this course, students will have a solid foundation in C and C++ programming and will be able to develop their own applications using these languages. Whether pursuing a career in software development or simply seeking to expand their programming skills, this course will provide a valuable starting point for anyone interested in C and C++.

C and C++ are two popular programming languages widely used in the software development industry. While they share similarities, they have distinct characteristics and purposes.


C is a procedural programming language developed in the early 1970s. It is known for its efficiency, low-level control, and portability. C is often referred to as the "mother of all programming languages" because many other languages, including C++, have been influenced by its syntax and concepts.

Key Features of C:

Efficiency: C allows for low-level memory manipulation and direct hardware access, making it highly efficient for system-level programming and performance-critical applications.

Portability: C code can be compiled and run on various platforms, making it highly portable.

Low-level Control: C provides features like pointers, which allow direct memory manipulation and control over system resources.

Procedural Programming: C follows the procedural programming paradigm, where programs are structured into functions that operate on data.

Common Applications of C:

Operating Systems: C is extensively used in the development of operating systems, device drivers, and system utilities.

Embedded Systems: C's efficiency and low-level control make it ideal for programming embedded systems like microcontrollers and IoT devices.

Compilers and Interpreters: C is often used to develop compilers, interpreters, and other language processing tools.

Gaming: Many game engines and graphics libraries are written in C, making it popular in the gaming industry.

High-performance Applications: C is preferred for applications that require high-performance computing, such as scientific simulations and signal processing.


C++ is an extension of the C programming language that adds support for object-oriented programming (OOP) and additional features. It was developed in the 1980s and has become one of the most widely used programming languages, known for its versatility and power.

Key Features of C++:

Object-Oriented Programming: C++ supports classes, objects, inheritance, polymorphism, and other OOP principles, enabling code organization and reusability.

Generic Programming: C++ features templates that allow the creation of generic algorithms and data structures.

Standard Library: C++ provides a rich standard library that includes data structures, algorithms, input/output operations, and other useful utilities.

Compatibility with C: C++ is backward-compatible with C, allowing C code to be seamlessly integrated into C++ programs.

Exception Handling: C++ supports exception handling, enabling graceful error handling and recovery.

Common Applications of C++:

Application Development: C++ is widely used for developing desktop applications, GUI-based software, and large-scale enterprise systems.

Game Development: C++ is a popular choice for game development due to its performance, control, and availability of game development libraries.

System Software: C++ is used to develop system-level software, including operating systems, compilers, and network protocols.

Libraries and Frameworks: Many software libraries and frameworks are written in C++ and are used across various domains, such as Boost, Qt, and OpenCV.

High-performance Computing: C++ is employed for applications requiring heavy computational tasks, such as simulations, scientific computing, and artificial intelligence.

Both C and C++ offer powerful programming capabilities, and the choice between them depends on the specific requirements of the project, the desired level of control, and the need for object-oriented programming. Understanding these languages opens up opportunities to work on diverse projects and gives developers a solid foundation in programming concepts.

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