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What is SIP

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 Sure! Here's a comprehensive guide to SIP (Systematic Investment Plan):

What is SIP?

SIP stands for Systematic Investment Plan. It's a disciplined approach to investing in mutual funds where you invest a fixed amount regularly, typically monthly, into mutual funds of your choice. SIPs allow investors to buy units of a mutual fund scheme on a specific date each month, regardless of the market conditions.

How does SIP work?

When you invest in a SIP, you authorize the mutual fund company to deduct a fixed amount from your bank account at regular intervals (usually monthly) and invest it in the selected mutual fund scheme. The invested amount buys units of the mutual fund at the prevailing Net Asset Value (NAV) on the SIP date. Since the investment happens regularly, it helps in rupee cost averaging and also avoids the need for market timing.

Benefits of SIP:

1. Disciplined Investing: SIP encourages disciplined investing as it automates the investment process.

2. Rupee Cost Averaging: SIPs enable you to buy more units when prices are low and fewer units when prices are high, thereby averaging the cost of acquisition over time.

3. Power of Compounding: Starting early and staying invested for the long term allows the power of compounding to work, leading to potentially significant wealth creation.

4. Flexibility: SIPs offer flexibility in terms of investment amount and duration. You can start with a small amount and increase it gradually as per your convenience. You can also stop or pause SIPs anytime without any penalty.

5. Mitigates Market Volatility: Since investments are spread over time, SIPs help in reducing the impact of market volatility on your investments.

Steps to Start a SIP:

1. Choose a Mutual Fund: Research and select a mutual fund scheme that aligns with your investment goals, risk appetite, and investment horizon.

2. KYC Compliance: Complete your Know Your Customer (KYC) formalities by submitting necessary documents to the mutual fund company or intermediary.

3. Fill SIP Form: Fill out the SIP application form provided by the mutual fund company or online platform.

4. Provide Bank Mandate: Provide a bank mandate by filling in your bank account details for automatic deductions.

5. Set SIP Amount and Frequency: Decide the amount you want to invest and the frequency of investment (usually monthly).

6. Submit Documents: Submit the completed SIP form along with the necessary documents to the mutual fund company or intermediary.

7. Start Investing: Once your SIP is set up, the designated amount will be automatically deducted from your bank account and invested in the chosen mutual fund scheme.

Tips for Successful SIP Investing:

1. Stay Invested for the Long Term: SIP works best when you stay invested for the long term. Avoid withdrawing prematurely unless absolutely necessary.

2. Monitor Performance: While SIPs are meant to be a passive investment strategy, it's essential to periodically review the performance of your mutual fund scheme to ensure it aligns with your goals.

3. Diversify Your Portfolio: Spread your investments across different asset classes and mutual fund schemes to mitigate risk.

4. Increase SIP Amount Regularly: As your income increases or financial goals change, consider increasing your SIP amount to accelerate wealth creation.

5. Stay Informed: Keep yourself updated with market trends, economic developments, and changes in mutual fund regulations to make informed investment decisions.

Tax Implications of SIP:

The tax treatment of SIP depends on the type of mutual fund scheme and the holding period. Equity-oriented mutual funds held for more than one year qualify for long-term capital gains tax at 10% without indexation on gains exceeding ₹1 lakh. For debt-oriented mutual funds, long-term capital gains tax is applicable at 20% with indexation if held for more than three years. Short-term capital gains tax is applicable as per the investor's income tax slab for mutual funds held for less than the specified period.


SIPs offer a convenient and disciplined way of investing in mutual funds, suitable for investors of all profiles. By starting early, staying invested for the long term, and diversifying your portfolio, you can potentially achieve your financial goals and create wealth over time. However, it's crucial to conduct thorough research, seek professional advice if needed, and stay informed to make prudent investment decisions.

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Open a FREE* Demat and Trading account to invest in Stocks, Mutual Funds, IPOs, SIP, ETFs, SGBs and more.